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is the fifth studio album by Englishrockbandthe Beatlesand the soundtrack from their film. It was released on 6 August 1965. Produced byGeorge Martin, it was the fifth UK album release by the band, and contains fourteen songs in its original British form. Seven of these, including the singlesHelp!andTicket to Ride, appeared in the film and took up the first side of the vinyl album. The second side contained seven other releases including the most-coveredsong ever written,Yesterday.

The American release was a true soundtrack album, mixing the first seven songs with instrumental material from the film. Of the other seven songs that were on the British release, two were released on the US version of the next Beatles album,Rubber Soul, two were back-to-back on the next US single and then appeared onYesterday and Today, and three had already been onBeatles VI.

In 2012,Help!was voted 331st onRolling Stonemagazines list of the 500 Greatest Albums of All Time.[5]In September 2013, after theBritish Phonographic Industrychanged their sales award rules, the album was declared as having goneplatinum.[6]

The album includesPaul McCartneyYesterday, arranged for guitar and string quartet and recorded without the other group members.John LennonYouve Got to Hide Your Love Awayindicates the influence ofBob Dylanand includes flutes. McCartneysIve Just Seen a Facehad a country flavour.[7]

Ticket to Ride, also released as a single, was felt by Lennon to be heavy in its sound compared to the groups previous output[8]and daring in its reference to a boy and girl living together. McCartney called the arrangement quite radical.

George HarrisoncontributedI Need YouandYou Like Me Too Much, his first compositions to be included on a Beatles album sinceDont Bother Meon 1963sWith the Beatles.

The record contained two cover versions and a few tracks more closely related to the groups previous pop output, but still marked a decisive step forward. The record sleeve-note shows that Lennon and McCartney made more extensive and prominent use of keyboards, previously played unobtrusively by Martin. Four-track overdubbing technology encouraged this. Lennon, for his part, made much greater use of acoustic guitar, forsaking his famousRickenbacker.

The original LPs format of featuring songs from the soundtrack on side one and non-soundtrack songs on side two follows the format ofA Hard Days Night.

When Help! came out in 65, I was actually crying out for help. Most people think its just a fast rock-n-roll song. I didnt realize it at the time; I just wrote the song because I was commissioned to write it for the movie It was my fatElvisperiod.

In later years, Lennon stated that the albums title track was a sincere cry for help; he regretted changing it from a downbeat, piano-driven ballad to an uptempo pop song, which was done only as a result of commercial pressures.[10]

Help!was the bands final British album (aside from the late 1966 compilationA Collection of Beatles Oldies) to feature any cover songs until 1970sLet It Be(which included a performance of the traditional folk songMaggie Mae). In 1966, Capitol would releaseAct Naturally, already on the BritishHelp!album, onYesterday and Today.Bad BoyandDizzy Miss Lizzy(both written byLarry Williamsand recorded on 10 May 1965, Williams birthday) were both aimed at the American market and originally not intended to appear onHelp!, but Dizzy Miss Lizzy ultimately did.[11]Both songs appeared onBeatles VI, released in the US in June 1965. Bad Boy was not released in the UK untilA Collection of Beatles Oldies, and was that albums only cover song.[12]

A few songs that were recorded and intended for the film were not used because of the Beatles suggestions. Lennon and McCartney wroteIf Youve Got TroubleforRingo Starrto sing, but the song was rejected and Starr sang Act Naturally (which is not in the film but is about being in the movies) instead.[13]That Means a Lotwas written for the film, but the Beatles were not satisfied with their performance of the song and they gave it toP.J. Proby, who released it as a single.[14]Lennon saidYes It Iswas me trying a rewrite ofThis Boy, but it didnt work;[15]it was released as the B-side ofTicket to Rideand was also onBeatles VI.You Like Me Too MuchandTell Me What You Seewere rejected for use in the film by its director,Richard Lester, though they did appear on the album (and also onBeatles VI).[citation needed]

Much later, in June 1965, the songWaitwas recorded for the album. However, Wait (with some newly added overdubs) ended up onRubber Soulwhen another song was needed to complete that album.

The album cover shows the Beatles with their arms positioned to spell out a word inflag semaphore. According to cover photographerRobert Freeman, I had the idea of semaphore spelling out the letters HELP. But when we came to do the shot, the arrangement of the arms with those letters didnt look good. So we decided to improvise and ended up with the best graphic positioning of the arms.[16]

On the UK Parlophone release, the letters formed by the Beatles appear to be NUJV, whilst the slightly re-arranged US release on Capitol Records appeared to indicate the letters NVUJ, with McCartneys left hand pointing to the Capitol logo.[17]The Capitol LP was issued in a deluxegatefoldsleeve with several photos from the film and was priced $1 more than standard Capitol releases at the time.

There have been four CD releases ofHelp!The first was on 30 April 1987, using the 14-song UK track line-up. Having been available only as an import in the US in the past, the original 14-track UK version replaced the original US version with its release on LP and cassette as well on 21 July 1987. As with the CD release of the 1965Rubber Soulalbum, theHelp!CD featured a contemporary stereo digital remix of the album prepared by Martin in 1986. Martin had expressed concern to EMI over the original 1965 stereo remix, claiming it sounded very woolly, and not at all what I thought should be a good issue. Martin went back to the original four-track tapes and remixed them for stereo.[18]One of the most notable changes is the echo added to Dizzy Miss Lizzy, something that was not evident on the original mix of the LP.

When the album was originally released on CD in Canada, pressings were imported from other countries, and used the 1987 remix. However, when the Disque Amric and Cinram plants in Canada started pressing the album, the original 1965 stereo mix was used by mistake. This was the only source for the 1965 stereo mix in its entirety until the release of themono box setin 2009.[19]

The 2009 remasteredstereo CDwas released on 9 September. It was created from the original stereo digital master tapes from Martins CD mixes made in 1986.[20]The original 1965 stereo mix was included as a bonus on the mono CD contained inThe Beatles in Monoboxed set.

The 1965 stereo mix was reissued again on theHelp!CD contained in the Beatles collectionThe Japan Boxreleased in 2014.

Writing inThe Rolling Stone Album Guide,Rob Sheffieldsaid that the US version ofHelp!was utterly ruined through the replacement of the Beatles songs with the soundtrack music, and that, as a result, the album remained relatively overlooked. He described the full album as a big step forward and the first chapter in the astounding creative takeoff the Beatles were just beginning.[31]

Mark KempofPasteconsiders it to be the equal ofA Hard Days Nightand cites Help!, Ticket to Ride and Act Naturally as highlights, along with Harrisons return as a songwriter. Kemp identifies Yesterday as the albums masterpiece and a song that set the stage for one of the most groundbreaking and innovative periods in The Beatles career, not to mention pop music in general.[28]Neil McCormickofThe Daily Telegraphsays that the album evokes a band in transition, shifting slightly uncomfortably from the pop thrills of Beatlemania to something more mature, with Lennons writing increasingly autobiographical and the groups sound growing more sophisticated. McCormick concludes:Help!may not be their greatest album, but it contains some of their greatest early songs.[25]

In 2012,Help!was voted 331st onRolling Stonemagazines list of the 500 Greatest Albums of All Time.[5]

All tracks written byLennonMcCartney, except where noted.

The North American version, the bands eighthCapitol Recordsalbum and tenth overall, includes the songs in the film plus selections from the films orchestral score composed and conducted byKen Thorne, which contains one of the first uses of the Indiansitaron a rock/pop album. Ticket to Ride is the only song on the American release induophonicstereo (also known as fake stereo) reprocessed from the mono mix.Help!is available on CD as part ofThe Capitol Albums, Volume 2box set. This CD contains both the stereo and mono versions of the American release. A second CD release of this album, which contains the seven songs in true mono was issued in 2014 individually and as part of the BeatlesThe U.S. Albumsboxed set.

All of the non-movie tracks from Side 2 of the British album were spread out through three American albums. Three were already issued on the previously releasedBeatles VI: You Like Me Too Much, Tell Me What You See, and Dizzy Miss Lizzy. Ive Just Seen A Face and Its Only Love were placed onRubber Soulwith its follow-up albumYesterday and Todayreceiving the remaining two tracks: Yesterday and Act Naturally.

The American version ofHelp!reached the number one spot on theBillboardalbum charts for nine weeks starting on 11 September 1965.

All tracks written byLennonMcCartney, except where noted.

(preceded by an uncredited instrumental intro based onThe James Bond Theme)

(LennonMcCartney; arranged by Thorne)

(LennonMcCartney; arranged by Thorne)

(Ken Thorne/LennonMcCartney; arranged by Thorne)

In the US, the album sold 1,314,457 copies by 31 December 1965 and 1,594,032 copies by the end of the decade.[50]

^shipments figures based on certification alone

>

BPI certification awarded only for sales since 1994.[53]

^shipments figures based on certification alone

According toMark Lewisohn[56][57]and Alan W. Pollack.[58]

John Lennon lead,harmonyand background vocals; rhythm and acoustic guitars;electric piano; tambourine on Tell Me What You See, and organ on Dizzy Miss Lizzy

Paul McCartney lead, harmony and background vocals; bass, acoustic and lead guitars; piano, electric piano

George Harrison harmony and background vocals; lead, acoustic and rhythm guitars; lead vocals on I Need You and You Like Me Too Much;guiroon Tell Me What You See

Ringo Starr drums and miscellaneous percussion;claveson Tell Me What You See; lead vocals on Act Naturally

George Martin producer, piano on You Like Me Too Much

John Scott tenor and alto flutes on Youve Got to Hide Your Love Away

String quarteton Yesterday,arrangedby Martin in association with McCartney

The songs included in the soundtrack of the filmHelp!(tracks 1-7) were mixed into5.1 surround soundfor the films 2007 DVD release.

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